The ABCDEs of Melanoma

Posted on Jun 7th 2018 by Florida Blue

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Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, more than 90,000 Americans will be diagnosed with melanoma this year and 1 in 10 will die from it. The following increase the risk for melanoma: bad sunburns at a young age, tanning outdoors or indoors, a weakened immune system from an autoimmune disorder or organ transplant and a family history of melanoma.

Early detection is key! 

It’s so important to perform monthly self-exams and see  a dermatologist at least once a year—or more if you fall into one of the high-risk groups. Here’s what to look for when checking a mole or lesion:

ASYMMETRY:

One-half looks different from  the other

BORDER:

Poorly defined or irregular around the edges

COLOR:

More than one color or when the pigment spreads from the spot to surrounding skin

DIAMETER:

Bigger than 6 mm—about the size of a pencil eraser

EVOLVING:

Changes over time in size (gets bigger), shape, sensation (gets itchy, tender or painful), color (gets red), height (gets bumpy or lumpy), or surface (gets scaly or bleeds) 


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